11 oktober 2016


van  http://www.rfi.fr :


Guinée-Bissau : l’ex-chef de la Marine José Americo Bubo Na Tchuto condamné aux États-Unis pour trafic de drogue

Selon une porte-parole du procureur fédéral de Manhattan, l'ex-chef de la Marine de Guinée-Bissau, José Americo Bubo Na Tchuto, capturé par des policiers américains en avril 2013 pour trafic de drogue et emprisonné aux États-Unis depuis, devrait être libéré et renvoyé dans son pays en 2017.

Le couperet est tombé mardi 4 octobre : « José Americo Bubo Na Tchuto a été condamné par le juge new-yorkais Richard Berman à quatre ans de prison », a indiqué la porte-parole. « Mais comme il est sous les verrous depuis avril 2013, il a déjà purgé l’essentiel de sa peine et devrait être libéré en avril 2017, date à laquelle il sera renvoyé en Guinée-Bissau. S’il devait revenir aux États-Unis, sa sentence prévoit qu’il serait alors placé sous surveillance pendant cinq ans », a-t-elle ajouté.

« Conspiration »

José Americo Bubo Na Tchuto avait été capturé en mer par des agents de l’agence anti-drogue américaine (DEA), au large du Cap-Vert, début avril 2013.Il avait ensuite plaidé coupable en mai 2014 du chef d’accusation de « conspiration pour importer des substances contrôlées », qui peut entraîner une peine allant jusqu’à la perpétuité.

Les conditions dans lesquelles il avait plaidé coupable n’ont pas été révélées, et les documents correspondants ont été placés sous scellés.

La Guinée-Bissau, place forte du trafic de drogue

Son arrestation, comme l’inculpation deux semaines plus tard du général Antonio Indjai, patron de l’armée bissau-guinéenne, témoignait de la montée du trafic de drogue en Afrique de l’Ouest, et de la place qu’y occupe la Guinée-Bissau.

Un récent rapport de l’ONU soulignait encore l’importance croissante de l’Afrique de l’Ouest comme zone de transit.

Le représentant spécial de l’ONU en Afrique de l’Ouest avait néanmoins souligné fin 2015 que la Guinée-Bissau avait fait des progrès dans la lutte contre le narco-trafic depuis l’élection du président José Mario Vaz en 2014.


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18 augustus 2016

van http://www.rfi.fr

Médiation en Guinée-Bissau: la Cédéao nomme Blaise Diplo ambassadeur

 

Par RFI Publié le 15-08-2016 Modifié le 15-08-2016 à 07:53

La Guinée Bissau traverse, depuis la nomination de Baciro Dja au poste de Premier ministre, une crise politique profonde et les remèdes jusqu´ici appliqués n´ont donné aucun résultat. L´Assemblée nationale est bloquée et la plupart des institutions tournent au ralenti. Une délégation de la Cédéao conduite par le président de la Commission de l´organisation, Marcel Alain da Sousa, est à Bissau. La Cédéao y a nommé un nouveau représentant résident pour tenter une sortie de crise.

La Cédéao, la Communauté économique des Etats d’Afrique de l’ouest, a nommé un représentant résident en Guinée-Bissau, tout en étant consciente que la tâche du nouveau diplomate ne sera pas aisée. « Le cas de la Guinée-Bissau est un cas particulier. Ici, la situation est telle que j’ai eu l’accord du chef de l’Etat pour nommer un ambassadeur de la Cédéao, ici. Et cet ambassadeur aura une mission assez difficile », concède au micro de RFI Marcel Alain de Souza, président de la Commission de la Cédéao.

D'ailleurs le nouveau représentant est conscient de l’importance de sa mission et des résultats attendus. « J’ai une mission et je suivrai la feuille de route du président de la Cédéao. Je vais examiner [la situation], et on discutera, on fera des propositions au président de la Cédéao », explique le diplomate ivoirien Blaise Diplo, ancien cadre de la Banque centrale des Etats d'Afrique de l'Ouest (BCEAO) et désormais ambassadeur de la Cédéao en Guinée-Bissau.

La Cédéao, qui maintient en Guinée-Bissau une force d’attente d’un peu plus de 500 hommes, serait-elle fatiguée de ses crises à répétition. « Un pays ne peut pas rester éternellement en crise, assure Marcel Alain de Souza. Nous n’avons pas de solutions miracle. Les solutions ne peuvent venir que des fils et filles de la Guinée-Bissau et ce que l’on tient à leur dire c’est qu’ils n’ont qu’un seul patrimoine commun et il s’appelle la Guinée-Bissau. »

Le président de la commission de la Cédéao rencontre ce lundi, le Premier ministre Baciro Dja, le président de l’Assemblée nationale, les acteurs politiques en conflits et bouclera sa visite par une visite de courtoisie au président José Mario Vaz.

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4 augustus 2016


van http://www.securitycouncilreport.org

Guinea-Bissau

Expected Council Action

In August, the Council will receive a briefing on Guinea-Bissau from the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, Modibo Touré, followed by consultations. Ambassador Antonio de Aguiar Patriota (Brazil), chair of the Peacebuilding Commission’s (PBC) Guinea-Bissau configuration, is also expected to brief.

Also in August, the 2048 Committee is expected to consider a Secretary-General’s report on the Guinea-Bissau sanctions ahead of a Council review of the sanctions in September.

The mandate of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS) expires on 28 February 2017.

Key Recent Developments

August will mark one year since President José Mário Vaz dismissed the government of Domingos Simões Pereira, triggering Guinea-Bissau’s ongoing political crisis.

On 7 March, the Council visited Guinea-Bissau. At the time, Guinea-Bissau was facing an impasse in the National Assembly over whether 15 dissident members of parliament from the majority African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) could retain their seats. In meetings with Vaz, Simões Pereira and others, members urged them to resolve the crisis through dialogue and on the basis of the country’s laws and constitution.

On 5 April, the Supreme Court ruled that the 15 deputies could retain their seats. With this ruling, Prime Minister Carlos Correia was unable to have his national programme approved. On 12 May, Vaz dismissed the Correia government.

On 26 May, Vaz appointed Baciro Djá as prime minister. Vaz had named Djá prime minister in August 2015 after dismissing Simões Pereira, but Djá resigned when the Supreme Court determined that the appointment was unconstitutional. This second appointment occurred after Vaz requested a proposal for a new government from the opposition Party for Social Renewal, which has formed a coalition in the National Assembly with the 15 dissident PAIGC deputies. Upon announcing the appointment, members of Correia’s cabinet refused to leave the government palace, claiming they would only hand over their offices to a government nominated by the PAIGC, which remained the majority party. For two weeks, national guard forces surrounded the building. Following negotiations mediated by religious leaders and the international community, the stand-off ended on 9 June with the former government agreeing to leave the palace. On 15 July, the Supreme Court ruled that Vaz’s latest appointment of Djá was constitutional.

Amidst these tensions, the heads of state and government of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) held their 49th ordinary session on 4 June. They renewed the mandate of the ECOWAS Mission in Guinea-Bissau (ECOMIB) for an additional year. This ended worries that ECOMIB, credited with deterring military interference, would withdraw at the end of June without new donor funding, which was offered by the EU. ECOWAS leaders further decided to dispatch a presidential mission to Guinea-Bissau, comprising the presidents of Guinea, Senegal and Sierra Leone. Thirdly, the ECOWAS Commission was requested to consult with the Community of Portuguese Language Countries to organise a meeting of the International Contact Group on Guinea-Bissau (ICG-GB). The presidential mission has yet to visit Guinea-Bissau and there has been no announced plan for holding an ICG-GB meeting.

Also in June, the International Monetary Fund suspended its loan programme to Guinea-Bissau due to the government’s bailout of two banks in July 2015. On 1 July, the government announced Guinea-Bissau’s first three known cases of Zika virus.

Council members have discussed Guinea-Bissau several times since returning from their visit. They discussed developments on 13 May under “any other business” in consultations and again in consultations on 26 May, issuing press elements after both meetings calling for the sides to resume dialogue. On 14 June, Touré briefed the Council via video teleconference. The next day, members issued a press statement expressing support for ECOWAS’s 4 June decisions and signalling their readiness to take necessary measures to respond if the situation worsened. On 25 July, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman visited Guinea-Bissau, meeting with Vaz, other key political actors, the Supreme Court president, civil society and the diplomatic corps.

Developments in the PBC

On 16 May, the Guinea-Bissau country configuration issued a statement highlighting the need to mobilise resources for ECOMIB. On 9 June, it received a briefing from Touré and issued a statement supporting the outcomes of the recent ECOWAS summit.

Angola previously proposed that Patriota accompany the Council in Guinea-Bissau during its visiting mission. This was opposed by the US, it seems with backing of other permanent members.

Human Rights-Related Developments

During its 32nd session, the Human Rights Council considered the report of the special rapporteur on the independence of judges and lawyers, Mónica Pinto, who visited the country from 10 to 16 October 2015 (A/HRC/32/34/Add.1). The report contains a number of conclusions, including that impunity is rampant, political instability is high and the crimes of the past are still to be addressed. The report also found that the treatment of cases does not always respect due process, and judicial delays often amount to a denial of justice; in addition, judges, prosecutors, lawyers and court staff are not adequately trained to discharge their professional functions and corruption is widespread, including among actors in the justice system. The report’s recommendations include taking urgent measures to establish tribunals (foreseen in the country’s constitution to settle “social disputes”, whether civil or criminal) and the necessary corresponding prosecution offices; conducting a comprehensive review of domestic legislation to harmonise its content with the country’s international obligations; and effectively investigating and prosecuting all serious human rights violations and politically motivated crimes.

Key Issues

How the Council can support efforts to end the political crisis is a key issue.

The possibility of military interference remains a concern.

The impact of the political crisis on government services and socio-economic conditions is of increasing concern. Related to this is donors’ withholding of pledges from the 2015 Brussels donor conference.

Within the 2048 Sanctions Committee, important issues will include any recommendations of the Secretary-General about how sanctions or the threat of sanctions might be used to address the crisis; the possible role of a panel of experts, such as to monitor donor aid and drug trafficking; and de-listing of individuals no longer meeting the sanctions criteria.

Options

The Council could adopt a presidential statement:

·         expressing continued concern over the ongoing political and institutional crisis;

·         urging the deployment of the ECOWAS presidential mission;

·         encouraging the ICG-GB to hold a meeting to strengthen the coherence of international diplomatic efforts;

·         further encouraging the inclusion of key Bissau-Guinean political actors at such a meeting to agree on a stability pact; and

·         commending the military for its continued non-interference.

Council Dynamics

Senegal has been active in keeping the Council’s attention on Guinea-Bissau. As its neighbour, Guinea-Bissau’s stability is of paramount importance to Senegal, in particular to avoid the resurgence of conflict in the Casamance region. Angola, which is a member of the CPLP, also is keenly interested in developments. More broadly, the Council mission to Guinea-Bissau heightened members’ concerns over the situation as it exposed the depth of divisions. They remain concerned about the risk of military interference, which would undo the international community’s efforts, both political and financial investments, following the 2012 coup. Members are further concerned that such regional problems as organised crime, drug trafficking, piracy and terrorist groups may benefit from the political stalemate or a deterioration of the situation.

There is frustration among members that the Council’s actions, which included the visiting mission, and the region’s close engagement have been unable to end the stalemate. For some members, however, as long as this remains an internal political dispute, it is not necessarily an issue for the Council, despite the presence of UNIOGBIS.

Other dynamics include different views on the use of sanctions, with some members likely to oppose any expansion of the regime. There are some diverging views over disbursing donor funds. Countries that made pledges at the Brussels conference in 2015 have withheld distributions, noting that conditions have greatly changed since then. This money also represents some of the international community’s potential leverage. Some members, though, believe more should be done to disburse funds that can help the general population. A dynamic that has played out over the last two years has been efforts by several elected members to reduce references in the UNIOGBIS resolutions to drug trafficking. The P5 have opposed such changes. For that reason, this year’s resolution renewing UNIOGBIS called on the Secretary-General to include in his reporting an assessment of progress towards combatting drug trafficking so that members would have a common understanding of the problem.

Senegal is the penholder on Guinea-Bissau. Uruguay is chair of the 2048 Committee.

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29 juni 2016


http://www.un.org/news:

Poverty and early deaths await millions of world's most disadvantaged children – UNICEF

28 June 2016 – Some 69 million children under five years of age will die from mostly preventable causes, 167 million children will live in poverty, and 750 million women will have been married as children by 2030, unless the world focuses more on the plight of its most disadvantaged children, according to a United Nations report published today.

“Denying hundreds of millions of children a fair chance in life does more than threaten their futures – by fueling intergenerational cycles of disadvantage, it imperils the future of their societies,” said the Executive Director of the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), Anthony Lake, on the release of The State of the World's Children, the agency's annual flagship report.

“We have a choice: Invest in these children now or allow our world to become still more unequal and divided,” he added.

The report notes that significant progress has been made in saving children's lives, getting children into school and lifting people out of poverty. Global under-five mortality rates have been more than halved since 1990, boys and girls attend primary school in equal numbers in 129 countries, and the number of people living in extreme poverty worldwide is almost half what it was in the 1990s.

But this progress has been neither even nor fair, the report flags. The poorest children are twice as likely to die before their fifth birthday and to be chronically malnourished than the richest.

Across much of South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, children born to mothers with no education are almost three times more likely to die before they are five than those born to mothers with a secondary education. And girls from the poorest households are twice as likely to marry as children than girls from the wealthiest households.

Outlook worst in sub-Saharan Africa

Nowhere is the outlook grimmer than in sub-Saharan Africa, where at least 247 million children – or two in three – live in multidimensional poverty, deprived of what they need to survive and develop, and where nearly 60 per cent of 20- to 24-year-olds from the poorest fifth of the population have had less than four years of schooling. At current trends, the report projects, by 2030, sub-Saharan Africa will account for:

·         Nearly half of the 69 million children who will die before their fifth birthday from mostly preventable causes;

·         More than half of the 60 million children of primary school age who will still be out of school; and

·         9 out of 10 children living in extreme poverty.

The UNICEF report goes on to note that although education plays a unique role in levelling the playing field for children, the number of children who do not attend school has increased since 2011, and a significant proportion of those who do go to school are not learning.

About 124 million children today do not go to primary- and lower-secondary school, and almost two in five who do finish primary school have not learned how to read, write or do simple arithmetic.

Investing in children pays off

The report points to evidence that investing in the most vulnerable children can yield immediate and long-term benefits. Cash transfers, for example, have been shown to help children stay in school longer and advance to higher levels of education.

On average, each additional year of education a child receives increases his or her adult earnings by about 10 per cent. And for each additional year of schooling completed, on average, by young adults in a country, that country's poverty rates fall by nine per cent.

Inequity is neither inevitable, nor insurmountable, the report notes, pointing out that better data on the most vulnerable children, integrated solutions to the challenges children face, innovative ways to address old problems, more equitable investment and increased involvement by communities are all measures which can help level the playing field for children.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted last year by 193 UN Member States, aims by 2030 to eradicate poverty and ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all, among other objectives.

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20 juni 2016

van http://www.un.org/News/ :

17 juni:

Guinea Bissau: Security Council Urges Political Solution to Guinea-Bissau Crisis

Following a briefing yesterday by the head of the United Nations peacebuilding office in Guinea-Bissau, the Security Council has encouraged national actors to abide by the constitution and rule of law, while striving to find a political solution to the crisis in the country.

Yesterday, the 15-member body heard from Modibo Touré, the Secretary-General's Special Representative and head of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS), who warned that the longer the country's political crisis continues, the more likely the country could see setbacks to its development and economic gains.

In a press statement released today, the members of the Council commended the security forces of Guinea-Bissau for their "non-interference in the political situation and the restraint shown in this regard," and reminded the security and defense services of the need to continue abiding by civilian control.

Expressing serious concern over the latest political developments, the Council also commended the peaceful way in which Guinea-Bissau's population is following the political situation in the country.

In its statement, the Council welcomed the decision taken by the 49th Ordinary Summit of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) Authority of Heads of State and Government held in Dakar to designate a presidential mission comprising the Heads of State of Guinea, Senegal and Sierra Leone to meet and conduct discussions with those involved in the political crisis in Guinea-Bissau.

The Council encouraged those regional leaders to further engage in addressing the country's current political situation. They also welcomed the decision to extend for one year the mandate of the ECOWAS security mission in Guinea-Bissau and, in that respect, commended the decision of the European Union (EU) to provide financial support to the mission.

The members of the Council also encouraged ECOWAS to continue extending its political support to the authorities and political leaders of Guinea-Bissau through the use of good offices and mediation.

15 juni:

Guinea Bissau: Prolonged Political Crisis Could Erode Development Gains, UN Warns

The longer the political crisis continues in Guinea Bissau, the more likely the country could see setbacks to its development and economic gains, warned the head of the United Nations peacebuilding office there, urging the Security Council to pay greater attention to the situation.

"The current situation calls for innovative strategies to deliver services and support the resilient population of Guinea-Bissau," Modibo Touré, the Secretary-General's Special Representative and head of the UN Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS) said today in his first briefing to the 15-nation Council.

On 26 May 2016, President Josd Mfirio Vaz appointed Baciro Djfi as Prime Minister through a presidential decree. Mr. Djfi's Cabinet was sworn in on 2 June. However, the dismissed Cabinet led by Carlos Correia refused to leave the Government Palace.

In an attempt to defuse tensions, the Special Representative said that he had met with these key figures, appealing for restraint, political dialogue and respect for the rule of law.

Following intense overnight negotiations involving, representatives of the civil society, religious leaders, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) mission in Guinea-Bissau (ECOMIB) and UNIOGBIS, the remaining members of the dismissed Cabinet and their supporters peacefully vacated the Government Palace, ending a 14-day stalemate on 9 June.

"The peaceful resolution of this standoff may have helped avert a potentially serious crisis, but further challenges loom ahead," Mr. Touré said.

The ruling PAIGC party has initiated legal proceedings challenging the President's recent appointments. Furthermore, the status of the 15 Members of Parliament (MPs) expelled by the PAIGC in January, as well as the ongoing impasse at the People's National Assembly, add to the legal confusion and institutional uncertainty facing the country.

"Regardless of the judicial outcomes, a sustainable solution to the ongoing political crisis can only be found through genuine political dialogue," Mr. Touré said. "Yet, one of the primary fora for such dialogue - the People's National Assembly - suspended its current session on 18 May as a result of disputes over the agenda and the status of the 15 MPs. Earlier today, that parliamentary session was closed; the next one is expected to open later this month.

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